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Author Topic: BCM Basics 101 (03-06)  (Read 42477 times)

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sperry

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BCM Basics 101 (03-06)
« on: October 4, 2004, 19:07:13 PM »

Body Control System Description and Operation

BCM Functions

The Body Control Module (BCM) performs multiple body control functions. The BCM can control devices directly connected to its outputs based on input information. The BCM evaluates this information and controls certain body control systems by commanding outputs on or off. The BCM control inputs can be:

* Sensors and switches that are directly connected to the BCM
* Class 2 serial data received from other control modules connected to the class 2 serial data link.

The BCM is also capable of controlling other vehicle systems that are not directly wired to the BCM. The BCM does this by sending specific messages on the class 2 serial data link. The control module capable of performing the required function will respond to the BCM message.

The BCM controls these functions:

* Audible warnings, refer to Audible Warnings Description and Operation in Instrument Panel, Gages and Console
* Automatic door locks, refer to Power Door Locks Description and Operation in Doors
* Automatic headlamp control, refer to Exterior Lighting Systems Description and Operation in Lighting Systems
* Interior lighting, refer to Interior Lighting Systems Description and Operation in Lighting Systems
* Keyless entry (AUO option), refer to Keyless Entry System Description and Operation in Keyless Entry.
* Passlock theft deterrent, refer to Vehicle Theft Deterrent (VTD) Description and Operation in Theft Deterrent.
* Retained Accessory Power (RAP), refer to Retained Accessory Power (RAP) Description and Operation in Retained Accessory Power

Serial Data Power Mode

On vehicles that have several control modules connected by serial data circuits, one module is the power mode master (PMM). On this vehicle the PMM is the Body Control Module (BCM). The BCM uses 3 signals from the ignition switch. These are the Ignition 0, Ignition 1, and Accessory.

To determine the correct power mode the BCM uses:

* The state of these signals
* The sequence of switch closures received by the BCM
* The status of the engine run flag

The chart indicates the power modes detected and transmitted by the BCM:

Correct Ignition Switch Inputs



Fail-safe Operation

Since the operation of the vehicle systems depends on the power mode, there is a fail-safe plan in place should the BCM fail to send a power mode message. The fail-safe plan covers modules with discrete ignition signal inputs as well as those modules using exclusively serial data control of power mode.

Serial Data Messages

The modules that depend exclusively on serial data messages for power modes stay in the state dictated by the last valid BCM message until they receive the engine status from the PCM. If the BCM fails, the modules monitor the serial data circuit for the engine run flag serial data. If the engine run flag serial data is true, indicating that the engine is running, the modules fail-safe to "Run". In this state the modules and their subsystems can support all operator requirements. If the engine run flag serial data is false, indicating that the engine is not running, the modules fail-safe to "OFF-AWAKE". In this state the modules are constantly checking for a change status message on the serial data circuits and can respond to both local inputs and serial data inputs from other modules on the vehicle.

Discrete Ignition Signals

Those modules that have discrete ignition signal inputs also remain in the state dictated by the last valid BCM message received on the serial data circuits. They then check the state of their discrete ignition input to determine the current valid state. If the discrete ignition input is active, B+, the modules will fail-safe to the "RUN" power mode. If the discrete ignition input is not active, open or 0 voltage, the modules will fail-safe to "OFF-AWAKE". In this state the modules are constantly checking for a change status message on the serial data circuits and can respond to both local inputs and serial data inputs from other modules on the vehicle.

Connector Charts follow:
« Last Edit: August 8, 2015, 17:53:11 PM by ItsStopher »
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sperry

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BCM Basics 101 (03-06)
« Reply #1 on: October 4, 2004, 19:18:47 PM »



(1) Fuse Block - Left I/P
(2) Instrument Panel
(3) Body Control Module (BCM)
(4) Body Harness to Body Control Module (BCM)
« Last Edit: August 8, 2015, 17:53:23 PM by ItsStopher »
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’03  Z71 3:73 LPM Cladded. Fact. Roof Rack, TowPk, XM, Gen 6.2 OnStar, leather & heated/mem. Delphi OEM (UM8 INR Nav System W/Bose Luxury audio). BkUp Cam & entertainment on Nav . DIC, DIO’d Esc. Platinum cluster, Console DVD W/3 Vizlogic 7” 16:9 (two in articultng. '02 HR's & one in pass. visor), 3  A/V inputs/FM headph's. SS893 Fogs, Amber DRL's, All4onHi, All4OnBrake.

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« Last Edit: August 8, 2015, 17:53:34 PM by ItsStopher »
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